Boto Python Tutorial

exception jQuery SVG Tutorial; I'm new to the selenium/python fieldI have been trying to make test cases using. 9b - RDS and VPC modules were omitted from 1. The location must be in the same region as the endpoint that you are calling. Getting started with boto Edward Bradshaw. Let's look at the pre-requisites, assumptions and facts for this tutorial series. It was created by Guido van Rossum during 1985- 1990. Find this and other hardware projects on Hackster. Here are the examples of the python api boto3. Deploying to AWS from Bluemix?! y install python-dev libssl-dev libffi-dev # Boto needed for s3. You could condense Python/Perl/MATLAB all to just Python, if you wanted! I just use whatever languages seem most convenient to me at the time). This post will show you how to use Python to connect to a SQL Server database, save and retrieve data. za|dynamodb. Each OpenStack project has a related client project that includes Python API bindings and a CLI. pip: pip is a python package manager tool which maintains a package repository and install python libraries, and its dependencies automatically. Install Bottle with pip install bottle or download the source package at PyPI. So technically, you can use Ansible to install a compatible version of Python using the raw module, which then allows you to use everything else. Boto is the Amazon Web Services (AWS) SDK for Python, which allows Python developers to write software that makes use of Amazon services like S3 and EC2. If youre using a version of Boto prior to 3, you will. The PySide2 module provides access to the individual Qt modules such as QtCore, QtGui, and so on. #tutorials Simple Exploration of Python with IPython. Learn Boto3 & AWS Lambda, In one Course, Build Real Time Use Cases, With Hands On Examples. 2) You will need credentials for an Amazon AWS environment of course. I choose python programming language to build 2048 game. I’ve grouped the list into sections to make it easier to find interesting examples. Install the boto library and gcs-oauth2-boto-plugin. Recently I started playing with Amazon EC2 and wanted to start, stop Amazon EC2 instances using command line. To install python packages for python2 you can use pip2. Recent in AWS. In a previous blog post, we shared steps to install the Boto SDK. In recent months, I’ve begun moving some of my analytics functions to the cloud. Boto 3 is the AWS SDK for Python. A few botos exist exclusively in fresh water, and these are often considered primitive dolphins. You deploy your application to Lambda, attach an API Gateway and then call your new service from anywhere on the web. Elastic Map Reduce with Amazon S3, AWS, EMR, Python, MrJob and Ubuntu 14. Install Bottle with pip install bottle or download the source package at PyPI. If you've had some AWS exposure before, have your own AWS account, and want to take your skills to the next level by starting to use AWS services from within your Python code, then keep reading. Boto3, not like Boto2, has poor quality documentation. 0b3 Beta 3 of Release 2. Reading Time: 3 minutes Let’s be honest: Most of the time, the Python version included with a Linux distro isn’t the newest. In Automate the Boring Stuff with Python, you'll learn how to use Python to write programs that do in minutes what would take you hours to do by hand-no prior programming experience required. A simple way to achieve this is to use an Amazon CloudWatch Events rule to trigger an AWS Lambda function daily. Column names and column must be specified. This tutorial/course is created by Hari Kammana. By continuing to use the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Boto is an Amazon AWS SDK for python. Connector/Python offers two implementations: a pure Python interface and a C extension that uses the MySQL C client library (see Chapter 8, The Connector/Python C Extension). It is only responsible for defining tasks and sequences. How to list attributes of an EC2 instance with Python and boto. Boto is a Python library that provides you with an easy way to interact with and automate using various Amazon Web Services. (Note that now we are using HTML, CSS, Javascript, Python, Perl and MATLAB as part of our pipeline -- sorry about that. Pre Requisites. An Introduction to boto's DynamoDB v2 interface¶. org and select the most recent version to install (in this case 3. Boto 3 Python Library. If you don’t have pip installed, you can follow this document to install it –> Install python pip. By the end of this tutorial, you’ll:. In this tutorial, you use the AWS SDK for Python (Boto 3) to write simple programs to perform the following Amazon DynamoDB operations: Create a table called Movies and load sample data in JSON format. So, i download the compressed file and the install with "sudo python setup. In this tutorial, we are going to show you how to get started using Boto, the AWS SDK for Python Version 2. Python is a known modular language which imports many useful operations from its standard library. In this tutorial, we will go over how to work with. If you don't have pip already installed, follow the instructions on the pip installation page before running the command below. It is important you have the basic knowledge of python for this tutorial and make sure you have. Now let’s see how to use S3 in Python. Like Perl, Python source code is also available under the GNU General Public License (GPL). Installation. For more information about the permissions needed for Amazon Transcribe, see Permissions Required for IAM User Roles. 0 In the following steps we will configure a custom metric to monitor the active sessions of a particular user using an RDS instance and create an alarm for this custom metric to terminate EC2 instance when it reaches the threshold of zero. A simple Python S3 upload library. AWS - Using Python and Boto3 to get Information about Untagged EC2 resources AWS Python Boto Just a quick post on a Python script to scan through all your EC2 Instances in the Specified Region, and if there's no Tags associated to the resource, the script will print information out about the resources in question. 7 using Anaconda Python and the Spyder IDE (which comes with Anaconda Python). It is composed of the following core projects:. Have a speech file in. Now that you have completed setting the environment and the aws cli, you can start writing python codes using boto3. - Commercial offerings - Boto, and other integration of Python with actual company offerings #### PyCon 2012 Guidance Survey in. We will walk through setting up your development environment, obtaining a Slack API. I'm using Boto to connect to Amazon S3 in my Python program. It provides OAuth 2. #tutorials Simple Exploration of Python with IPython. boto is an open source Python library that is used as an interface to Cloud Storage. As the GitHub page says, “Boto3 is the Amazon Web Services (AWS) Software Development Kit (SDK) for Python, which allows Python developers to write software that makes use of services like Amazon S3 and Amazon EC2. This tutorial will guide you through basic operations. This tutorial/course has been retrieved from Udemy which you can download for absolutely free. py, which allows you to install pip, and then install pip with the following command: python get-pip. Scripting language Vs Programming language 2. MP4 format that is stored in an S3 bucket that has the proper permissions. When I started to develop python tasks for automate some process by using amazon mturk was a little bit difficult found enough information about the usage of Boto and about mturk, for this reason I want to make those things easy for others developers that, like me some time ago, are. Find this and other hardware projects on Hackster. You’ll learn to configure a workstation with Python and the Boto3 library. 7 This chapter from our course is available in a version for Python3: Lambda Operator, filter, reduce and map Classroom Training Courses. Which includes configuration management tools like chef, puppet, Ansible etc and scripting languages like shell scripting, python, ruby etc. It is very popular and is fully supported by AWS but because it is hand-coded and there are so many services available (with more appearing all the time) it is difficult to maintain. This tutorial focuses on the boto interface to the Simple Storage Service from Amazon Web Services. To install python packages for python2 you can use pip2. This way you do not have to worry about affecting other Python projects. Reload to refresh your session. We built the largest consumer generated content network with the help of open source software and believe giving back to the community is essential. Using it is very simple and straight-forward. Make no mistake about the fact that airflow is just a workflow engine. If you’ve had some AWS exposure before, have your own AWS account, and want to take your skills to the next level by starting to use AWS services from within your Python code, then keep reading. The code above was largely taken from the s3-get-object-python blueprint and modified. yml as follows:. The well known and most used (Amazon S3, Amazon EC2) are supported. path Traversing directories recursively. fab deploy;. 0 Tutorial for Beginners 10 - Breast Cancer Detection Using CNN in Python. See also Documentation Releases by Version. Amazon Web Services, or AWS for short, is a set of cloud APIs and computational services offered by Amazon. This tutorial will be the first of many about mturk and Boto, a python interface to Amazon Web Services. These Volumes contain the information you need to get over that Boto3 learning curve using easy to understand descriptions and plenty of coding examples. 5, and Python 3 isn't even available out of the box. Invoke is far more general-purpose than tox but it does not contain the Python testing-specific features that tox specializes in. Hits: 2912Automating Aws with Python – boto3 I am starting to use Python instead of Bash and OpenShell. 9 or above, run the command: python -m ensurepip. Reading Time: 3 minutes Let's be honest: Most of the time, the Python version included with a Linux distro isn't the newest. [/python] The provision_using_boto() command is an exercise left to the reader, but the documentation should point you in the right direction. cacerts module which is imported elsewhere in the package. A place where you can learn Python for fat lowest cost and see yourself growing as a "Software Developer". Boto provides a Python interface to nearly all of the Amazon Web Services, as well as some other services, such as Google Storage. Boto is a python package which provides an interface for AWS. The CREODIAS would like to place cookies on your computer to help make this website better. Functional, Data Science Intro To Python. They are extracted from open source Python projects. To use an API, you make a request to a remote web server. This tutorial assumes that you have already downloaded and installed boto. AWS has launched the Python library called Boto 3, which is a Python SDK for AWS resources. We will Stop, Start and Terminate EC2 Instances and again the best part is we will do all of that with our Python code! Lots of information, hands-on practice and experience is waiting for you in this course on AWS. Developers can use Boto to access the Amazon Mechanical Turk API. To see which packages are installed in your current conda environment and their version numbers, in your terminal window or an Anaconda Prompt, run conda list. I'm able to open a connection and upload files to a bucket. This code uses the boto library https://github. awscli # THE command line interface if you’re using AWS. Among the numerous libraries and software suites Python developers have created with and for Python is the Py Suite, a group of tools written in wxPython to assist Python enthusiasts with their programming endeavors. This assumes that the module is in the same directory as mainprogram. Developers can use Boto to access the Amazon Mechanical Turk API. 3+, please view our Contributing Guidelines and the Porting. Boto provides an easy to use, object-oriented API, as well as low-level access to AWS services. It allows you to directly create, update, and delete AWS resources from your Python scripts. The following program takes as input a list of instances IDs and terminates each one. Boto is a library developed by the AWS team to provide a Python SDK for the amazon web services. Discord bots can make life a lot easier for users of the gaming-centric online chat application. You signed in with another tab or window. How to clone a key in Amazon S3 using Python (and boto)? How to access keys from buckets with periods (. 9 or above, run the command: python -m ensurepip. With our S3 bucket and Motion configured as well as our Python app written, now we get to give it a go and see what happens. Hi, You got a new video on ML. Below is the function as well as a demo (main()) and the CSV file used. Features include: Fast event loop based on libev or libuv. Depending on your Python experience level, you may want to get some basics down or brush up on some more advanced skills. Hits: 2912Automating Aws with Python - boto3 I am starting to use Python instead of Bash and OpenShell. In the previous tutorial we have learned writing “Hello World!” program in python and using print command and operators, Now we are going to learn what is variable and different variable types in python. If you are starting from scratch with using Python and Boto3 to script and automate Amazon AWS environments, then this should help get you going. 12 (stable). Anaconda Python is available for free from Continuum Analytics. NOTE: You must configure temporary security credentials before using Boto. The services range from general server hosting (Elastic Compute Cloud, i. You'll learn to use and combine over ten AWS services to create a pet adoption website with mythical creatures. MP4 format that is stored in an S3 bucket that has the proper permissions. Boto is the Python SDK for Amazon Web Services. Python tutorial Python Home Introduction Running Python Programs (os, sys, import) Uploading a big file to AWS S3 using boto module Scheduled stopping and. This installs the AWS SDK for Python (Boto). Here is a simple guide to show you exactly how to install Python and PIP on your Windows 10 machine. How do I test a module that depends on boto and an Amazon AWS service? I'm writing a very small Python ORM around boto. Query an object in S3 Glacier class 10 hours ago; How do I use the user portal once I have enabled the Single Sign-On? 10 hours ago I have created a custom AMI and now I would like to launch it as an EC2 instance. " The good news is that Boto 3 is extremely well documented. and i also want to know is there any way to set expiration tag on the object. The logging module is part of the standard Python library and provides tracking for events that occur while software runs. With boto library, we can call the AWS resources using python script. com; LearnPython. The code I'm using is. Python is a general-purpose interpreted, interactive, object-oriented, and high-level programming language. aws/credentials setup and boto. Amazon Web Services' (AWS) Lambda provides a serverless architecture framework for your web applications. Above method will just add the python module library in the special PyDev project, if you create another PyDev project, you need to add the module lib in the new PyDev project again. Before continuing with this tutorial, make sure you are logged in as a user with sudo privileges. Although I follow the API documentation, I receive an exception I couldn't be able to figure out. Developers can use Boto to access the Amazon Mechanical Turk API. Most of the sysadmin tasks are getting automated using tools and scripting languages. AWS re:Invent 2014 | (DEV307) Introduction to Version 3 of the AWS SDK for Python (Boto) - Duration: Cloud Computing Tutorial for Beginners. Features include: Fast event loop based on libev or libuv. How to list attributes of an EC2 instance with Python and boto. Learn how to create objects, upload them to S3, download their contents, and change their attributes directly from your script, all while avoiding common pitfalls. Although Python is an easy to learn and powerful programming language as it is known in common parlance, there is nevertheless need of a good introduction and tutorial on the Python language. If the job you're trying to accomplish requires (or would benefit significantly from) asynchronicity in any way, shape, or form, use Tornado. tox is mainly used as a command line tool and needs a tox. 1 from boto. There's no direct interface between Python and Redshift. We will walk through setting up your development environment, obtaining a Slack API. Introducing Python: Modern Computing in Simple Packages [Bill Lubanovic] on Amazon. Our library of choice for the Python programming language is boto. storage_uri(). Boto3 supports put_object()and get_object() APIs to store and retrieve objects in S3. org interactive Python tutorial. This tutorial assumes that you have already downloaded and installed boto. Most if not all software companies have adopted to cloud infrastructure and services. The is the Command Line client for AWS. Please watch: "TensorFlow 2. 7, as well as Windows/macOS/Linux. Today, we are going to show how to use Boto to create HITs and retrieve results. Boto provides an easy to use, object-oriented API as well as low-level direct service access. (Note that now we are using HTML, CSS, Javascript, Python, Perl and MATLAB as part of our pipeline -- sorry about that. In this tutorial, we are going to show you how to get started using Boto, the AWS SDK for Python Version 2. If you're familiar with Python or interested in learning it, in conjunction with learning and use AWS, you won't find a better option than Boto. Let's look at the pre-requisites, assumptions and facts for this tutorial series. Fabric is a Python package and command-line tool. Boto is the Python version of the AWS software development kit (SDK). Working with static and media assets. The code I'm using is. AWS in particular is very popular amongst all. This tutorial assumes that you have boto already downloaded and installed. storage_uri(). But the objects must be serialized before storing. 6 for the programming language. py in your. The intentions of this post is to host a few examples on using boto to make use of one of the services available on AWS i. By voting up you can indicate which examples are most useful and appropriate. This can be configured at runtime using the use_pure connection argument. First things first. boto works with much more than just S3, you can also access EC2, SES, SQS, and just about every other AWS service. If you have never built a bot before, this post provides an easy starter tutorial for combining the Slack API with Python to create your first bot. 以下のPython関数import_csv_to_dynamodb(table_name, csv_file_name, colunm_names, column_types)は、CSVファイルをDynamoDBテーブルにインポートします。列名と列を指定する必要があります。それはbotoを使用します。. 7 or up; IDE of. Know how to manage important tasks in AWS from the backend without login into the AWS from Web. In this tutorial, we are going to show you how to get started using Boto, the AWS SDK for Python Version 2. Or just explore blog posts, libraries, and tools for building on AWS in Python. For other blogposts that I wrote on DynamoDB can be found from blog. File python-boto. Introducing Python: Modern Computing in Simple Packages [Bill Lubanovic] on Amazon. 7 and then installed python3. You could condense Python/Perl/MATLAB all to just Python, if you wanted! I just use whatever languages seem most convenient to me at the time). Start learning Python today!. 12 (stable). Let's look at the pre-requisites, assumptions and facts for this tutorial series. key import Key. I downloaded boto3 so I could access these. 7 or up; IDE of. Contribute to Jadatravu/Tutorials development by creating an account on GitHub. Python is a general-purpose interpreted, interactive, object-oriented, and high-level programming language. If you’ve had some AWS exposure before, have your own AWS account, and want to take your skills to the next level by starting to use AWS services from within your Python code, then keep reading. Bazaarvoice is committed to open source. This tutorial assumes that you have already downloaded and installed boto. 5 could not find boto. Column names and column must be specified. If you want to add a dataset or example of how to use a dataset to this registry, please follow the instructions on the Registry of Open Data on AWS GitHub repository. You can vote up the examples you like or vote down the ones you don't like. Boto3 supports put_object()and get_object() APIs to store and retrieve objects in S3. An Introduction to boto's S3 interface¶. Introduction to AWS with Python and boto3 ¶. Boto can be installed via the python package manager pip. path Traversing directories recursively. But if not, we'll be posting more boto examples, like how to retrieve the files from S3. I don't know what you are exactly trying to achieve but if you are trying to count R and K in the string there are more elegant ways to achieve it. It’s very easy to use, and many good tutorials exist. Check out the top tutorials & courses and pick the one as per your learning style: video-based, book, free, paid, for beginners, advanced, etc. Tutorial: AWS API Gateway to Lambda to DynamoDB by Jon · 2015-08-05 After last week’s Internet Of Things hack session , I became fascinated with all the fun IoT projects and technologies there are to play with. Easy to understand and fun to read, this updated edition of Introducing Python is ideal for beginning programmers as well as those new to the language. It supports Python 2. 0 credentials that can be used with Cloud Storage. The best way to log output from boto3 is with Python's logging library. EC2) to text messaging services (Simple Notification Service) to face detection APIs (Rekognition). It is better to install pip according to system OS, and then try to follow the standard way for installing Scrapy. # tested with python 2. I'm using Boto to connect to Amazon S3 in my Python program. Recently I started playing with Amazon EC2 and wanted to start, stop Amazon EC2 instances using command line. Python provides several ways to download files from the internet. For example, at the time of this writing, the version of Python 2 included with our CentOS 7 Storm images is 2. I downloaded boto3 so I could access these. Boto is an Amazon AWS SDK for python. Data Scientist Blog. 9a release tarball (updated 9 years. In this Tutorial I will show you how to use the boto3 module in Python which is used to interface with Amazon Web Services (AWS). It simply to said, if you have a python apps and you want it to access AWS features, you need this. Creating a Connection ¶. motion -c local. I would like to know if a key exists in boto3. Get coding in Python with a tutorial on building a modern web app. 7 and Python 3. This tutorial will cover how to install, configure and get started with Boto3 library for your AWS account. To install python packages you can use pip install [package_name] Execute pip --help to learn more about pip. Learn Python online: Python tutorials for developers of all skill levels, Python books and courses, Python news, code examples, articles, and more. OpenStack Clients. Python and DynamoDB. share | improve this answer. 9 or above, run the command: python -m ensurepip. boto works with much more than just S3, you can also access EC2, SES, SQS, and just about every other AWS service. It is important you have the basic knowledge of python for this tutorial and make sure you have. To install gsutil from PyPI, run the following command: pip install gsutil. 3+ in the same codebase. ini in the root of the project:. If you've had some AWS exposure before, have your own AWS account, and want to take your skills to the next level by starting to use AWS services from within your Python code, then keep reading. First let me say this: Boto is amazing. i think an 'aws and python' course would essentially just be the boto documentation. How can I handle a boto exception in python? You also may want to review the Python Tutorial section on Exceptions and Errors. Here is a simple guide to show you exactly how to install Python and PIP on your Windows 10 machine. Backwards-incompatibility means that the majority of Python tutorials and books are just going to be broken, and one of the worst experiences I've had is with finding example code/description online for something, only to discover it won't actually work for the latest version. conf file we made towards the beginning of the tutorial. x, although there are plans to do so in the near future. Using boto sdk you can automate AWS server provisioning. File python-boto. S3Boto3Storage to add a few custom parameters, in order to be able to store the user uploaded files, that is, the media assets in a different location and also to tell S3 to not override files. 0a2 - Updated to include gs and file packages in tarball (updated 9 years ago) boto-1. 0, i also set it to read files with *all* extensions. There’s no direct interface between Python and Redshift. Numba-compiled numerical algorithms in Python can approach the speeds of C or FORTRAN. When I started to develop python tasks for automate some process by using amazon mturk was a little bit difficult found enough information about the usage of Boto and about mturk, for this reason I want to make those things easy for others developers that, like me some time ago, are. Note: For RHEL 8 installs, See Python on RHEL 8. Home Python ~/. With the recent announcement of built-in support for Python in AWS Lambda functions (and upcoming access to VPC resources from Lambda), we’ve started considering increased use of Lambda for a number of applications. See also Documentation Releases by Version. This tutorial focuses on the boto interface to AWS’ DynamoDB v2. Course description. Amazon Web Services, or AWS for short, is a set of cloud APIs and computational services offered by Amazon. about; posts; Hosting a machine learning prediction service on serverless infrastructure Don 04 Januar 2018 | tags: aws azure machine learning serverless lambda python flask tutorial Background. Know how to manage important tasks in AWS from the backend without login into the AWS from Web. Working with static and media assets. An Introduction to boto’s S3 interface ¶ This tutorial focuses on the boto interface to the Simple Storage Service from Amazon Web Services. Assuming you already have Python 2. readthedocs. The boto package is the hand-coded Python library that has been around since 2006. awscli # THE command line interface if you’re using AWS. Boto is the Python version of the AWS software development kit (SDK). By adding a few lines of code, you can run any of your Alexa skills in Python on a local server, and use your favorite code editor to do step-by-step debugging and track down possible issues. I'm using Boto to connect to Amazon S3 in my Python program. It allows you to directly create, update, and delete AWS resources from your Python scripts. py, all you need to do is run fab provision-box to do the work. I love it and if you are on Amazon Cloud you will love it too. thanks for your feedback. However, the bad news is that it is quite difficult to follow. In this blog post we will see how to list all the modules installed in python. In addition to writing scripts and tutorials, he draws and animates both the digital and the analog. By the end of this tutorial, you'll:. Check out the top tutorials & courses and pick the one as per your learning style: video-based, book, free, paid, for beginners, advanced, etc. This started with an email from my college’s director of academics with the header 2048 : A game to make. » Terraform vs. All on topics in data science, statistics and machine learning. Switch to the latest stable release? Bottle dev (development) Bottle 0. There’s no direct interface between Python and Redshift. They are extracted from open source Python projects. Simple Storage Service. The videos below provide a tutorial on Python 2. Interactive Data Visualization with D3. In last week’s tutorial, we showed you how to get started using Boto, the AWS SDK for Python Version 2. Most if not all software companies have adopted to cloud infrastructure and services. This tutorial/course has been retrieved from Udemy which you can download for absolutely free. This website contains a free and extensive online tutorial by Bernd Klein, using material from his classroom Python training courses. 3+, please view our Contributing Guidelines and the Porting. 0 » boto: A Python interface to Amazon Web Services ¶ An integrated interface to current and future infrastructural services offered by Amazon Web Services. There are some new features like Clients, Resources, and Waiters, which make it a must have tool to develop or administer AWS services. Boto 3 Docs 1. 以下のPython関数import_csv_to_dynamodb(table_name, csv_file_name, colunm_names, column_types)は、CSVファイルをDynamoDBテーブルにインポートします。列名と列を指定する必要があります。それはbotoを使用します。. py install". This tutorial will guide you through basic operations. If you go to the Cheese Shop (also known as PyPI) and search for boto, you will see a page like Fig-ure 1-1, although it should be for version 2. A functional, Data Science focused introduction to Python. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: