Convert String To Json Array Javascript

If you want to send or exchange small amount of data from one location another location then you can convert the data into JSON format and export it easily. Is it possible in wp8 to convert json Array into Dictionary??. How to convert Java Array/Collection to JSON array? Java 8 Object Oriented Programming Programming Google provides a library named org. The quickest method of converting between JSON text and a. Method that will try to convert value of this node to a Java boolean. First, make sure that you are working with valid JSON. This is referred to as deserializing. you can see bellow example to converting string to object in angular js. Below is the code for converting JavaScript Array to JSON and displaying it in alert box. This article explains how to convert a DataTable to JSON in ASP. A function that alters the behavior of the stringification process, or an array of String and Number objects that serve as a whitelist for selecting/filtering the properties of the value object to be included in the JSON string. Passing in a malformed JSON string results in a JavaScript exception being thrown. loads() method. I always use split() function for conversion. How to convert a table to JSON (or to Java array). There are 3 parts to this example. Converting JSON objects into strings can be particularly useful for transporting data in a quick manner. # Function to convert JSON array string to a list. Convert JavaScript object to JSON string To convert JavaScript object to JSON string you can use the JSON. To start viewing messages, select the forum that you want to visit from the selection below. I am simply trying to show different methods and why they may differ. In order to use that data you need to parse the. How to: Deserialization of nested JSON. Example: Suppose we. Lets say pipe (|) separated string!. JSON Intro JSON Syntax JSON vs XML JSON Data Types JSON Parse JSON Stringify JSON Objects JSON Arrays JSON PHP the data has to be a string. Online tool to convert your CSV or TSV formatted data to JSON. Also, we have to loop through the resultant Javascript Object array. JSON is the native way that JavaScript programs write their data structures and usually resembles what Python’s pprint() function would produce. question 2: how I can store this nested json as a multiple json events in elastic. In this tutorial i am going to explain about how to convert dataset datatable to json data array in asp. No good: This gives JSON a bad name. We then use the jQuery each() method to loop thru each employee JSON object and. This tutorial demonstrates how to convert a byte[] to String. PowerShell has a native command called ConvertFrom-Json, but it doesn't convert data to a hash table. This process is not 100% accurate in that XML uses different item types that do not have an equivalent JSON representation. That being said, DON'T do this!. Create a String array in java. You can configure the validator to be lenient or strict. To convert a string into a JSON array, you need to create a JSONObject object for each of your objects, and add those to your JSON array. The dot notation can also be used to modify the values in JSON when necessary. Converting JSON to XML in JavaScript and PHP. stringify(convArrToObj(array)), which is the following code (more detail can be found on this answer):. Objects and Array in PHP can be converted into JSON by using the PHP function json_encode(). for-in loop to iterate over. A JSON string in PHP is pretty useless, so if we convert it to an array, we can then loop over it and do some funky stuff with the. file with JSON objects. org: Aside from the prohibition on control characters (only some of which have replacements using \ to escape), there's the fact that a string is assumed to consist of Unicode - and you need an encoding to convert bytes to Unicode chars. Convert a JavaScript. We'll see how to create a JSON object in JavaScript and converting it to JSON string. Linq namespace and here the details). stringify() method. Save Your Code. For example, the following are all invalid JSON strings: "{test: 1}" (test does not have double quotes around it). To get from object to the strongly typed anonymous type, I will use a generic method that casts the object to the type of the anonymous type. we can convert string array to json object using angular. It then calls the two Conversion methods defined later. We demonstrate on this page with single level arrays. Description. How To Reverse A String In JavaScript; How To Check If An Array Contains A Value JavaScript; JavaScript Array Includes Method; How To Return Data From JavaScript Promise; How To Push JSON Object Into An Array Using JavaScript; How To Create JSON Array Dynamically Using JavaScript; JavaScript Array Reduce Method; How To Read And Display JSON. While sending data to web server, the data need to be string. To start viewing messages, select the forum that you want to visit from the selection below. While order is preserved in regular JSON arrays, it is not in regular JSON-LD arrays unless specifically defined (see section 6. Learn how to serialize a DataTable to a JSON array in C# OR how to return a JSON String from a DataTable in ASP. Java JSON Processing API is not very user friendly and doesn’t provide features for automatic transformation from Json to Java object and vice versa. stringify method converts a JavaScript value into a JSON string. In this tutorial you will learn how to convert json to xml or xml to json in java. Since values can be other objects or arrays, JSON can be infinitely nested (theoretically). A JSON array is an ordered collection of values. For UnityScript it's vital to place the SimpleJSON. Sometimes during development we required to convert an array to JSON. This online tool allows you to convert an XML file into a JSON file. the eval() js function will call the compiler, and that can offer a series of security risks. toJson() method, which will accept Collectin,List, String[] etc. Bar; // bar = "something". NET array attribute for collections, and encodes special characters. Related: How to convert data in JSON file to an Array using JavaScript or jQuery. NET Web API to return JSON response. How to turn json array into postgres array? I came up with this hackish way of converting JSON text to PostgreSQL text the whole JSON string for each array. for-in loop to iterate over. To convert your PHP array into JSON, you can use the json_encode function, which will return the JSON representation of the value that you have passed it. Use of JSON is to exchange data to/from a web server. Converting JSON to object and object to JSON can be done using the JSON object and its parse and stringify methods. asDateTime - Utility function to convert the specified parameter from XML DateTime to JS Date. Python provides the json module which can be imported to any file and use to both parse JSON, as well as generate JSON from python objects and lists. I'm looking for a strategy to convert a string of comma separated values into an output of JSON array in Informatica Cloud Real Time The use case is to. In this example I will show you how to do Ajax with jQuery and how to process multidimensional JSON data table coming in through Ajax. This is an excerpt from the Scala Cookbook (partially modified for the internet). The simplest way to do this is to change the text inside the JSON object into an assignment and then to rename the file as JS. json library, already available with Cordova. This tutorial demonstrates how to convert a byte[] to String. NET core MVC. - json_encode: For converting an array to a json string. It's possible to carry around a JSON string all day in a script, but it's going to be tough to parse that out and get to the data you need. Jackson JSON Java Parser is very popular and used in Spring framework too. The thing is that I don't know what will be in the array, cause it's a calculator, Javascript array to JSON - jQuery Forum. 1) Encoded JSON Serialization. Note To loop over a object array in JSON formatted string, you need to converts it to JavaScript object (with JSON. Convert to an Object. JSONObject is a very popular in terms of transferring data between two systems. That's all on How to convert JSON String to Java object using Jackson library. Handles both traditional relational tables and nested JSON data (NoSQL). How to get javascript array from the following JSON object- Javascript - convert byte array to GUID standard format. How can I deserialize the string using JavaScript? View 4 Replies Pass A String To A Web Service Using JQuery / JSON / AJAX? Oct 29, 2010. Converting an array to a JSON object with custom key names help (self. NET object property names to the JSON property names and copies the values for you. The class generates the definition of a JavaScript object in JSON that contains an array of a rows of query result. Free to use under the MIT license. - json_encode: For converting an array to a json string. NET To get started, insert a static table and an ASP button as shown in the code below: Name Department Jeff IT » read more. Convert SQL Server results into JSON July 12, 2016 by Sifiso W. In this article, we'll discuss all about JavaScript JSON Array. DeSerialize JSON Array to List of Class (Type T) Object using JSONPath. json library. Learn how to serialize a DataTable to a JSON array in C# OR how to return a JSON String from a DataTable in ASP. NET Forums / General ASP. I can convert 1-d array to JSON but not 2-d array. Click your JSON below to edit. parse() method converts a JSON string to JSON array. with datamember. It turns out you can easily convert an instance of the Person class (or any. But for sure in the interviews they will ask you to write a program to convert string to char array without using the built-in functions 🙂 I will show you how. Example: Suppose we. While programming we may come across a situation where we have to convert json to xml or vice versa. > What is the correct way to convert L to javascript array format? > 1) jsonify the list and pass it to javascript > (whether json format & javascript array are similar?). we can convert string array to json object using angular. JSON stands for JavaScript Object Notation, and it is based on a subset of JavaScript. Hey guys, I have a JavaScript array, which I want to convert to JSON. This returns a new List of strings. There are no ads, popups or nonsense, just an awesome BSON to JSON transformer. Example Following is an example that demonstrates how to convert a JSON Object to a Buffer : In our next Node. parse (deserialize a JSON string into an object) and JSON. Json String To Byte Array : Json « Network « C# / C Sharp. parse() method parses a JSON string, constructing the JavaScript value or object described by the string. The type (for example, string, number, boolean, array, or object). In above example the output would be:. stringify() for JSON to string converter. "{'test': 1}" ('test' is using single quotes instead of double quotes). js to convert it to XML like below (the template could be different, this is just for example): version= 1. xmlToJSON is a JavaScript function which converts XML to JSON. A JSON value can be another JSON object, array, number, string, boolean (true/false) or null. (Something like comma separated). Converting XML files to JSON is a good practice for providing easy manipulation and preparing service responses. parse (deserialize a JSON string into an object) and JSON. How To Parse JSON in Python. I am developing in ASP. Please note that I am not suggesting these are the ideal ways of serializing arrays. parse()) and turn JSON notation into a string (JSON. The usual place is the Plugins folder which should work in most cases. JavaScript JSON. "{'test': 1}" ('test' is using single quotes instead of double quotes). Current Options. NET object property names to the JSON property names and copies the values for you. JSON data can be retrieved using AJAX from a server either using jQuery's. It is easy for machines to parse and generate. Use the split filter. A new ColdFusion programmer emailed me recently asking: How can I convert a ColdFusion query into an array? When it comes to this type of conversion, there are a few things that you have to take into account. Ask Question Viewed 258k times 60. parseFloat syntax: parseFloat(string) How it works: The argument of parseFloat must be a string or a string. This tutorial demonstrates how to convert a byte[] to String. We’ve gone over the general format of JSON and how you may expect to see it as a. So you typically would NOT use JSON. - agershun/alasql. If you're working with JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) and either need to convert a JSON string to array or object and loop through it or vice-versa, take an array or object and convert it to a JSON string to return, both can be done in PHP or JavaScript. I am working on a example simple defect where I am getting here string data as a JSON Object but in view its auto simple converting to string and json object. In the below example I am converting a single dimension Array to JSON. Here we’ll be using json_encode & json_decode. Comments are not allowed in JSON. byte[] byteArray = "this. We can read an excel xlsx or CSV file which is hosted on any server, SharePoint folder, etc with the help of jQuery. I've assumed that the key for the dictionary should be the gift_id and kept the steps separate for clarity but you could chain them together. Convert CSV to JSON using Streams. 22 Feb 2017 - by 'Maurits van der Schee' In order to support databases that are better at XML than JSON (Yes, I am talking about you SQL Server) I created some code that allows you to convert (lossless) from JSON to XML (and back). Use json_encode to create a json string from your PHP array and use json_decode to transform the jSON string to PHP array. Preparation 1. When you run above code, the console window will show an output like. stringify() in the json2. * @param {XMLDomElement|String} source The XML string or the XMLDomElement prefreably which containts the necessary data for the object. Gson gson = new Gson(); // 1. stringify to convert a value to a string. bool, for JSON booleans float64, for JSON numbers string, for JSON strings []interface{}, for JSON arrays map[string]interface{}, for JSON objects nil for JSON null To unmarshal a JSON array into a slice, Unmarshal resets the slice length to zero and then appends each element to the slice. We demonstrate on this page with single level arrays. parseJSON() function. Client-side code will need to convert any date strings found in JSON responses into Date objects. D3's basic loading mechanism is fine for one file, but starts to get messy as we nest multiple callbacks. Let us see the function json. This JSON column contains lots of different types of elements. Here’s an example:. The JSON values can only be one of the six datatypes (strings, numbers, objects, arrays, Boolean, null). file with JSON objects. Current Options. The first method will use for loop for creating JSON array from an input array. It is typically used to convert JavaScript arrays or objects to JSON, although it can also be used with simple data types like strings and numbers. Use the json filter. That's cool. Passing in a malformed JSON string results in a JavaScript exception being thrown. class json. stringify(object); This is necessary especially in Ajax applications, when you want to transfer data from JavaScript to a script on server. Ask Question Viewed 258k times 60. convert JSON format string into Object using AngularJS – angular json. The following example converts a string to a JSON array. But the fact of the matter is that the associative array is used to build every other type of data. JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is a lightweight data-interchange format. Depending why you want this, strings and arrays are already very similiar (i. JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is a lightweight data-interchange format. NET framework to serialize objects to JavaScript object notation (JSON). Re: java SLIM Query table fixture - convert JSON string to SLIM ArrayList - Hi Steven, I thought, that this is a fun little exercise, and it actually was. It is an open, text-based format designed for lightweight data exchange between different systems. Converting Array into String using JSON. JSON stands for JavaScript Object Notation which is specially formatted data used for applications. Unlike pickle, JSON has the benefit of having implementations in many languages (especially JavaScript), making it suitable for inter-application communication. Sample Response Json we are getting. Para aprender cómo convertir mi cadena Json array. If this value is null or not provided, all properties of the object are included in the resulting JSON string. json file and how to parse a json file content to a JavaScript object array. That was our particular need. stringify(). with datamember. The simplest way to do this is to change the text inside the JSON object into an assignment and then to rename the file as JS. this m getting at php from get of api this json string i want to pass to json but it. The type system knows what to expect and will convert the values returned by a resolver function into something that upholds the API contract. Return value. If you were to use a strict comparison to compare the two, it would fail because they’re two different types of objects. We can convert an array of any number of elements to a List that has the same type of elements. A JSON array becomes a reference to an array in Perl. In previous posts I explained convert datatable to xml in asp. json > json java > jsonarray to csv JSONArray To CSV JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is a lightweight text-based open standard designed for human-readable data interchange. string json = JsonConvert. json")); // 2. Instead you must create a class/struct with the shape of the json, and then deserialize it with the JsonUtility. * Tries to convert a given XML data to a native JavaScript object by traversing the DOM tree. When using the JSON. Use json_encode to create a json string from your PHP array and use json_decode to transform the jSON string to PHP array. A string is a sequence of one or more characters that may consist of letters, numbers, or symbols. Everybody think as normal why we convert array to string then to array, easily we can convert string array value into dropdown list. bool, for JSON booleans float64, for JSON numbers string, for JSON strings []interface{}, for JSON arrays map[string]interface{}, for JSON objects nil for JSON null To unmarshal a JSON array into a slice, Unmarshal resets the slice length to zero and then appends each element to the slice. JSON_ARRAY_CONTAINS_STRING is for all text and binary types. I have specified the property that makes the object write the JSON strings immediately rather than appending them. As its name suggests, JSON is derived from the JavaScript programming language, but it’s available for use by many languages including Python, Ruby, PHP, and Java and hence, it can be said as language-independent. In the tutorial, Grokonez shows how to convert CSV File to JSON String or JSON File and vice versa with Java language by examples. Use of JSON is to exchange data to/from a web server. It provides an opportunity generate any data and in any quantity. How To Reverse A String In JavaScript; How To Check If An Array Contains A Value JavaScript; JavaScript Array Includes Method; How To Return Data From JavaScript Promise; How To Push JSON Object Into An Array Using JavaScript; How To Create JSON Array Dynamically Using JavaScript; JavaScript Array Reduce Method; How To Read And Display JSON. At current stage, column attr_2 is string type instead of array of struct. In this post we will show you Converting JSON Object into Javascript PHP array, hear for Converting JSON Object into Javascript PHP array we will give you demo and example for implement. json > json java > jsonarray to csv JSONArray To CSV JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is a lightweight text-based open standard designed for human-readable data interchange. Here you can get a readymade jQuery code for Excel to JSON Conversion. inspect output). yml files begin with '---', marking the start of the document key value pairs are separated by colon lists begin with a hyphen JSON. What if you have a nested array? That is, an array with an array inside it? Here you need to use JSON. JSON booleans map naturally; integer numbers other than 0 map to true, and 0 maps to false and Strings 'true' and 'false' map to corresponding values. A JSON string becomes a string scalar in Perl - Unicode codepoints in JSON are represented by the same codepoints in the Perl string, so no manual decoding is necessary. View Javascript questions; Assuming that your JSON string is a list of objects, each object will correspond to a row in the DataTable, viz: Convert JSON. parse turns a string of JSON text into a Javascript object. Below I have shared examples to do this. Specify an output mode. parse turns a string of JSON text into a Javascript object. javascript ; March 24, 2012 jquery convert json string to array. JSON Parse vs Base64 to ArrayBuffer JavaScript performance comparison without any intermediate 'convert to string then // use window. I hope the title has got the general question over. When using the JSON. For simplicity, this can be demonstrated using a string as input. To achieve this, they must convert their XML data into JSON format. JSONObject is a very popular in terms of transferring data between two systems. Use json_encode to create a json string from your PHP array and use json_decode to transform the jSON string to PHP array. Converting a JSON Text to a JavaScript Object. Bar; // bar = "something". we can convert string array to json object using angular. In previous posts I explained convert datatable to xml in asp. Js Convert string to Array Example - We can use native JavaScript split() method to convert string to array in vue. The JavaScript JSON. inspect output). Indeed, a JSON value can be a string, a number, a boolean value, an array, or another object. * If a string is given, it first tries to create an XMLDomElement from the given string. Test and run json_decode online in your browser. the secjson is a Json Array now I want to convert it into Dictionary of key Value Pairs. Working With JSON in Server-Side JavaScript. However there are not much options available when it comes to reading the Excel file using javascript. Avoid frequent hand-editing of JSON data for this reason. We can read an excel xlsx or CSV file which is hosted on any server, SharePoint folder, etc with the help of jQuery. It is very much simple to convert JSON array to string array in Java. The ConvertTo-Json cmdlet converts any object to a string in JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) format. *The maximum size limit for file upload is 2 megabytes. In this tutorial, you'll learn how to create JSON Array dynamically using JavaScript. In this short tutorial, we saw how to convert C# object to XML and XML to object C# using ASP. js - JavaScript SQL database for browser and Node. For eg: when converting a java object Map(String,Object) to a json string using writeValueAsString() method. JSON is the native way that JavaScript programs write their data structures and usually resembles what Python’s pprint() function would produce. C# Array to Pivot Dynamic Array: You might want to get the List or dynamic[] instead of getting DataTable after converting columns to rows. The class generates the definition of a JavaScript object in JSON that contains an array of a rows of query result. parse(str); THis won't work on IE before version 8 though. the eval() js function will call the compiler, and that can offer a series of security risks. Re: convert a comma separated string to json array Steven Hawkins Sep 10, 2015 3:55 PM ( in response to Prashanthi Kairuppala ) JSONARRAY converts one or more arguments into a clob that is the json for the resulting array, so JSONARRY('one', 'two') would give you what you expect - ["one","two"]. stands for YAML ain't markup language and is a superset of JSON. Below is the php script that takes up an array and convert it into json. So we need two functions keys & vals , returning native arrays on input of JSON string. "{'test': 1}" ('test' is using single quotes instead of double quotes). Objects are name – value pairs. This example program has an array of 5 strings. Sample Response Json we are getting. ConvertTo-Json should return a string which, if run through, ConvertFrom-Json returns the original object albeit an empty array/collection. Passing in a malformed JSON string results in a JavaScript exception being thrown. A JSON array property should be of the appropriate array type. Output: By following the above steps, you can easily convert any type of PHP array into JSON data format using json_encode() method. Since an ArrayBuffer is, in fact, a byte array, this conversion requires that both ends agree on how to represent the characters in the String as bytes. it's a Javascript array, I will be sending it to a Python script and Python will use the JSON string and work with that. The convertto-Json again converting it to a string object where the arm Template is not accepting the. Kevin Comer Check out dojo. A string is a sequence of one or more characters that may consist of letters, numbers, or symbols. stringify (serialize an object into a JSON string). NET object property names to the JSON property names and copies the values for you. The home of JSON Schema. I'd offer a slightly different perspective here. JSON is the JavaScript object notation & PHP provides us an ability to encode and decode JSON. I know a lot of people are saying use eval. Here Mudassar Ahmed Khan has explained how to parse and convert JSON string to JSON object using jQuery and Javascript eval function. Below is the code I have written. Gson gson = new Gson(); // 1. JSON booleans map naturally; integer numbers other than 0 map to true, and 0 maps to false and Strings 'true' and 'false' map to corresponding values. Converting Array into String using JSON. To parse JSON strings use the native JSON. We can read an excel xlsx or CSV file which is hosted on any server, SharePoint folder, etc with the help of jQuery. When eval() is used, the parse() function’s second argument indicates if secure parsing should be used. The library parses JSON into a Python dictionary or list. fromJson(json); json string: JSON string to deserialize. JavaScript provides JSON. The JSON taglib has been designed to be as easy to use as possible. I’m sure you do not want me to write what is serialization, and deserialization here. json file and how to parse a json file content to a JavaScript object array. Example Following is an example that demonstrates how to convert a JSON Object to a Buffer : In our next Node. Questions: How do you convert an array to a JSON string in swift? Basically I have a textfield with a button embedded in it. parse() or $. Strings are lightweight. To use the data that I have extracted from the. JavaScript JSON. Now to convert the above generated XML string back to Employee object use the following code: Object obj = ObjectToXML(xml,typeof(Employee)); And you should have the XML converted into Employee object in the obj variable. – json_decode: For converting a json string into an object. Excel-jSon-Excel in one line of code Before we get started though, I set myself the challenge that these classes should be able to populate an entire worksheet from a web service, or to convert an entire worksheet into jSon in one line of code. We then use the jQuery each() method to loop thru each employee JSON object and. How to convert a table to JSON (or to Java array). How to convert an array to JSON Array using JSON-lib API in Java? Java JSON Object Oriented Programming Programming A Java array is an object which stores multiple variables of the same typ e , it can hold primitive types and object references whereas JSONArray is an ordered sequence of values. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: